Klimmen Member

Formal (Kuyl 1975).
Lithological description

Clayey sands, coarsening upward into very fine-grained (105-150 µm), micaceous sands with a low glauconite content. Locally, a thin layer of flat rounded flint pebbles is found at the base. Calcareous fossils are scarce and the sands are locally lithified. The top of the sands shows an orange or purple staining, interpreted as the result of emergence and soil development.

Depositional setting

Shallow-marine environment.

Definition of lower boundary

Unconformably overlies the Landen Formation or older deposits.

Definition of upper boundary

Sharp and conformable with the overlying Goudsberg Member.

Thickness indication
Up to 71 m (SM-39/B60D0266).
Geographical distribution
Restricted to southern Limburg
Regional correlation
UK: no equivalent; GER: Tongeren Formation; BEL: Sint Huibrechts-Hern Formation (Marechal & Laga 1988).
late Priabonian - early Rupelian.
Not yet determined.
Depth (thickness) AH:
Not yet determined.
The lower part of the member is defined in borehole B62A0184 (X_RD: 189110, Y_RD: 321110); interval: 1.0 -24.7 m below surface Kuyl (1975).
The upper ten metres were exposed in sand pit De Heek (Outcrop 62A-14; N 50°52'47.2", E 05°52'21.0").
Origin of name
Named after the village of Klimmen, east of Maastricht in the province of Limburg, the Netherlands.
Previous name(s)
Reviewed by (date)
Dirk Munsterman (2018).
Kuyl, O.S. 1975. Lithostratigrafie van de Mio-Oligocene afzettingen in Zuid-Limburg. In: Zagwijn, W.H., Van Staalduinen, C.J. (eds.), Toelichting bij geologische overzichtskaarten van Nederland. Rijks Geologische Dienst, Haarlem, 56-63.
Maréchal, R., Laga, P. (eds.) 1988. Voorstel lithostratigrafische indeling van het Paleogeen - Nationale Commissies voor Stratigrafie. Commissie: Tertiair, Belgische Geologische Dienst, Brussel, 208 p.
Cite as
TNO-GDN ([YEAR]). Klimmen Member. In: Stratigraphic Nomenclature of the Netherlands, TNO – Geological Survey of the Netherlands. Accessed on [DATE] from https://www.dinoloket.nl/en/stratigraphic-nomenclature/klimmen-member.