Veldhoven Formation

Formal (NAM & RGD 1980). Amended (Van Adrichem Boogaert & Kouwe 1997).
Lithological description

In the Roer Valley Graben predominantly light grey to green grey, very fine-grained (63-150 µm) micaceous sand followed by (dark) green-grey clay that coarsens upward into sands. On the Peel Block and the Venlo Block, the formation consists predominantly of sands. There, it is difficult to discriminate between the Voort and Someren members without the help of biostratigraphic data. Outside the Roer Valley Graben and the adjacent blocks, the formation consists of clays and silty clays with silty to sandy intervals at the base and in the middle part.

Depositional setting

Shallow-marine. Inner to outer neritic environment. Waterdepth was less than 200 m.

Definition of lower boundary

Southern Netherlands: conformably or mildly unconformably overlies the Steensel Member of the Rupel Formation. The boundary is sharp and has been defined at the base by a distinct clay layer. Wherever the Steensel Member is missing, the formation mildly unconformably overlies the Boom Member (Rupel Formation).

Definition of upper boundary

Overlain by the Breda Formation from which it is separated by a distinct unconformity, except presumably in the axial area of the Roer Valley Graben. The upper boundary is characterized by a transition from relatively light to darker coloured glauconite sands.

Thickness indication
Up to more than 400 m.
Geographical distribution
Regional correlation
UK: Lark Formation, Skade Formation; GER: Grafenberg Formation, Köln Formation; BEL: Voort Formation Marechal & Laga (1988).
Chattian - late early Miocene (Burdigalian).
Depth (thickness) AH:
860 - 1103 m (243 m)
Depth (thickness) AH:
619 - 715 m (96 m)
Depth (thickness) AH:
867 - 1300 m (433 m)
Depth (thickness) AH:
223 - 410.5 m (187.5 m)
Origin of name
Named after the town of Veldhoven.
Previous name(s)
Reviewed by (date)
Dirk Munsterman (2018).
Maréchal, R., Laga, P. (eds.) 1988. Voorstel lithostratigrafische indeling van het Paleogeen - Nationale Commissies voor Stratigrafie. Commissie: Tertiair, Belgische Geologische Dienst, Brussel, 208 p.
NAM & RGD 1980. Stratigraphic nomenclature of The Netherlands. Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Nederlands Geologisch Mijnbouwkundig Genootschap 32, 77 p.
Van Adrichem Boogaert, H.A. & Kouwe, W.F.P. 1997. Stratigraphic nomenclature of The Netherlands, revision and update by RGD and NOGEPA, Section I, Tertiary. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, 50, 1-39.
Cite as
TNO-GDN ([YEAR]). Veldhoven Formation. In: Stratigraphic Nomenclature of the Netherlands, TNO – Geological Survey of the Netherlands. Accessed on [DATE] from