Heterogeneous deposit, comprising anthropogenically reworked natural sediment (e.g. applied as filling sand or to create an organic-rich topsoil), as well as novel anthropogenic materials (Schokker et al. 2015; Dijkstra et al. 2019).
Built environment and agricultural areas.
Definition of lower boundary
Definition of upper boundary
Up to 10 m in historical city centres, up to 1.5 m in agricultural areas.
Origin of name
Named after the origin of this type of ground.
Dijkstra, J.J., Comans, R.N.J., Schokker, J., Van der Meulen, M.J. 2019. The geological significance of novel anthropogenic materials: Deposits of industrial waste and by-products. Anthropocene 28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ancene.2019.100229
Schokker, J., Bakker, M., Dubelaar, W., Dambrink, R., Harting, R. 2015. 3D subsurface modelling reveals the shallow geology of Amsterdam. Netherlands Journal of Geosciences 94, pp. 399-417. https://doi.org/10.1017/njg.2015.22
TNO-GDN ([YEAR]). Antropogenic deposits. In: Stratigraphic Nomenclature of the Netherlands, TNO – Geological Survey of the Netherlands. Accessed on [DATE] from https://www.dinoloket.nl/en/stratigraphic-nomenclature/antropogenic-deposits.