Vlieland Sandstone Formation

Formal (Van Adrichem Boogaert & Kouwe 1993).
Lithological description

Subangular to well-rounded, fine- to medium-grained argillaceous to clean, more or less glauconitic sandstones, locally grading into conglomeratic sandstones. Bioturbation and rootleting are common, and can obliterate existing (cross-)stratification. Mica, shell fragments and lignite particles are widespread.

Depositional setting

Transgressive basal sands (lag) and/or as prograding coastal-barrier or offshore shoal-sands.

Definition of lower boundary

Conformably or mildly unconformably overlies sediments of the Schieland Group or the Scruff Group. The lower boundary of the formation generally is sharp. The base of the Vlieland Sandstone Formation is a transgressive unit following the Late Kimmerian tectonic event, and as such may unconformably overlie older deposits.

Definition of upper boundary

Conformable contact with the Vlieland Claystone Formation, but the De Lier Member in places is slightly unconformably overlain by the Holland Formation.

Thickness indication
Up to 220 m.
Geographical distribution
Regional correlation
UK: Valhall Formation; GER: ~Minden-Braunschweig-Gruppe; BEL: -.
late Ryazanian - early Aptian.
Depth (thickness) AH:
2200 - 2246 m (46 m)
Origin of name
Named after the Dutch Wadden island of Vlieland.
Previous name(s)
Reviewed by (date)
Sander Houben (2017).
Van Adrichem Boogaert, H.A. & Kouwe, W.F.P. 1993. Stratigraphic nomenclature of The Netherlands; revision and update by RGD and NOGEPA, Section G, Upper Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous. Mededelingen Rijks Geologische Dienst, 50, 1-80..
Cite as
TNO-GDN ([YEAR]). Vlieland Sandstone Formation. In: Stratigraphic Nomenclature of the Netherlands, TNO – Geological Survey of the Netherlands. Accessed on [DATE] from https://www.dinoloket.nl/en/stratigraphic-nomenclature/vlieland-sandstone-formation.